Bone Graft

What is Bone Graft?


Bone grafting is a procedure used in various treatments related to oral and dental health, especially to increase the amount of inadequate bone before placing dental implants. Bone grafting is a procedure performed using bone materials obtained from different sources to replace missing bone tissue. Here is detailed information about bone graft:

Purpose of Bone Graft

  • Bone grafting is applied to increase bone volume and density in patients experiencing bone loss for various reasons. Common areas of use are:

  • Dental Implants: Sufficient bone volume is needed for successful placement of implants. Bone grafting ensures that the implants sit on a solid foundation.

  • After Tooth Extraction: To prevent and treat bone loss that occurs after tooth extraction.

  • Periodontal Diseases: Rebuilding bone lost due to gum diseases.

  • Trauma or Injuries: To rebuild bone tissue in patients who have experienced bone loss as a result of accident or trauma.

Types of Bone Grafts


Bone grafts are divided into several categories based on their source:


Autograft: It is bone tissue taken from the patient’s own body. It is usually taken from areas such as the chin, hips or legs. It has the highest compliance and success rate.

Allograft: It is donor bone tissue obtained from human cadavers. It is applied to the patient after going through special procedures.

Xenograft: Bone tissue obtained from animals (usually cattle). It is used after being made biocompatible.

Alloplast: These are grafts made of synthetic materials. It is produced from biomimetic materials such as hydroxyapatite or trikalosium phosphate.


Bone Graft Procedure


Examination and Planning: Your dentist evaluates the condition of your teeth and jaw to determine whether bone grafting is needed. Bone quantity and quality are measured using x-rays and other imaging techniques.

Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is applied so that you do not feel pain and discomfort during the procedure.

Placement of Graft: Bone graft material is placed in the missing bone area. When necessary, the graft material is fixed with special screws or membranes.

Healing Process: After the placement of the graft, the bone enters the healing process. During this process, new bone cells form and integrate with the graft material. The recovery period usually takes several months.


Control and Monitoring: It is important to go for regular check-ups to monitor the healing process. Your dentist checks that the bone graft has successfully integrated and that sufficient bone volume has been formed.


Advantages of Bone Graft 


Increases the Success of Dental Implants: It helps implants to be stable and long-lasting by providing sufficient bone volume.

Functional and Aesthetic Recovery: Replacing lost bone tissue provides both functional and aesthetic recovery.


Bone Reconstruction: Bone grafting promotes the regeneration of natural bone tissue.



Here's Frequently Asked Questions About Bone Graft

What is bone grafting?

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that involves adding bone or bone-like materials to the jaw to replace missing bone and support dental implants or other restorative procedures. It is commonly used to rebuild the bone structure in areas where teeth have been lost or where bone density is insufficient.

What are the advantages of bone grafting?

Advantages include restoring bone structure, providing a stable foundation for dental implants, preventing further bone loss, improving facial aesthetics, and increasing the success rate of dental restorations such as implants and dentures.

Will I feel pain during the bone grafting procedure?

The bone grafting procedure is performed under local anesthesia or sedation to ensure comfort. Some post-operative discomfort and swelling are normal, but these symptoms can be managed with prescribed pain medications and proper aftercare.

How long does the bone grafting procedure take?

The duration of the bone grafting procedure depends on the extent of the graft and the specific technique used. Typically, the procedure takes about 1 to 2 hours. Healing time varies but generally takes several months for the graft to integrate with the existing bone.

How long do the results of bone grafting last?

With proper care and maintenance, the results of bone grafting can be long-lasting. The grafted bone integrates with the natural bone, providing a stable and permanent foundation for dental implants and other restorative treatments.

What should I do after the bone grafting procedure?

After the procedure, follow your dentist’s aftercare instructions, which may include taking prescribed medications, avoiding certain foods, maintaining good oral hygiene, and attending follow-up appointments. Avoid strenuous activities and smoking to ensure proper healing.

Is bone grafting necessary for dental implants?

Bone grafting is often necessary for patients who have insufficient bone density or volume in the jaw to support dental implants. It provides a stable foundation for the implants and increases the success rate of the procedure.

What materials are used in bone grafting?

Bone grafting materials can include autografts (bone from the patient’s own body), allografts (donor bone), xenografts (animal bone), and alloplasts (synthetic materials). Your dentist will choose the most appropriate material based on your specific needs.

Who is a good candidate for bone grafting?

Good candidates for bone grafting are individuals with insufficient bone density or volume in the jaw, which is necessary to support dental implants or other restorative procedures.

What is the cost of bone grafting?

The cost of bone grafting varies based on factors such as the type of graft material used and the extent of the graft.

To clarify your treatment process and costs, we offer a free consultation service. You can get detailed information by filling out the form below or by contacting us directly.

Treatment Procedure

Bone Graft treatment process involves several important steps to achieve a successful outcome. Here is a detailed summary of the treatment procedure:


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